Now that I’ve merged the storyboard file format (which is also basically the new xib format) in a real-world project, I can say the following:
It is…more than just easier, it’s now possible.
Which is a great relief.
The trick (the one weird tip, as it were) is that the file format stores pieces of data that should be single, undivided snippets of the file, as single undivided snippets of the file, in a human readable format.
For example, objects are represented by a single XML node, whose name is that object’s type. You can tell what a
tableViewCell node is just by its name. And you know what it means when it contains a
tableViewCellContentView node, and you know what it means when that node contains a
subviews node. And so on.
This leads to several benefits:
- A single change to the file, say adding a background color in a view, only affects one spot in the file, unlike previous formats, where a single user-initiated change to the file might wind up modifying multiple places in the file itself. So unrelated changes to different objects won’t wind up being merge conflicts.
- When you’re reviewing the changes from a merge, it’s easy to see that they’re the ones you expect. To use the same example as above, if you’ve added a background color to a view, that will add a
colornode inside that view’s node.
- Because you can identify the changes you want, you can also identify the changes you may not want. For example, you can easily reset the changes Interface Builder makes to the xib/storyboard’s header to reflect the current version of Interface Builder and the operating system, if you don’t want to see such noise as part of your commits, without worrying that you’re accidentally modifying something you don’t understand.
- You can work around Interface Builder bugs. For example, currently in Xcode 5, if you refer to the same image in multiple places in a file, it will add several entries representing the image to the
resourcesnode at the bottom of the file. Then, it will complain to you in a sheet about “internal inconsistencies” (while leaving in the duplicate entries). You can merely refuse to commit the IB changes that introduce those duplicates, which will prevent the problem (though not the alerts).
The last point can be expanded to a broader theme: you should use formats and architectures in your application that don’t try to fight the way the world works. If your architecture requires a perfect app to work well, then your architecture isn’t very well suited to the current world of software development, where there will always be bugs.
As described above, the current storyboard/xib format does not require a perfect app, and in fact allows end users broad powers to work around app bugs and peculiarities. This is in contrast to the previous format, which was not particularly human-readable, and therefore required the end user to trust that the app was doing the right thing in all cases.